Dental public health - The study of dental epidemiology and social health policies.
Endodontics - Root canal therapy and study of diseases of the dental pulp.
Oral and maxillofacial pathology - The study, diagnosis, and sometimes the treatment of oral and maxillofacial related diseases.
Oral and maxillofacial radiology - The study and radiologic interpretation of oral and maxillofacial diseases.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery - Extractions, implants, and facial surgery.
Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics - The straightening of teeth and modification of midface and mandibular growth.
Periodontics (also periodontology) - Study and treatment of diseases of the periodontium (non-surgical and surgical) as well as placement and maintenance of dental implants
Pediatric dentistry (formerly pedodontics) - Dentistry for children
Prosthodontics - Dentures, bridges and the restoration of implants. Some prosthodontists further their training in "oral and maxillofacial prosthodontics", which is the discipline concerned with the replacement of missing facial structures, such as ears, eyes, noses, etc.
Dental anesthesiology - The study of how to relieve pain through advanced use of local and general anesthesia techniques is not yet considered to be one of the recognized dental specialties.
Special needs dentistry - Dentistry for those with developmental and acquired disabilities.
Oral Biology - Research in Dental and Craniofacial Biology
Forensic odontology - The gathering and use of dental evidence in law. This may be performed by any dentist with experience or training in this field. The function of the forensic dentist is primarily documentation and verification of identity.
Geriatric dentistry or Geriodontics - The delivery of dental care to older adults involving the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals.
Oral medicine - The clinical evaluation and diagnosis of oral mucosal diseases, and dental treatment for medically compromised patients.
Veterinary dentistry, a speciality of veterinary medicine - The field of dentistry applied to the care of animals.